The sun is usually celebrated. Normally, it indicates that the weather is getting hot and summer is on its way. Heat waves are different though, no matter how much you love the beach.
Heat related illnesses like heat stroke and heat exhaustion are appearing more often as it affects large parts of the U.S. It’s important to recognize symptoms of heat illness and to guard yourself against extreme temperatures, especially since it can quickly grow into a problem when it’s not addressed.
Here are three precautions to take during a heat wave:
Don’t underestimate the heat
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It’s much easier to suffer from heat stroke than to get frostbite, which is why it’s important to remain hydrated. Aside from drinking lots of water, when outdoors, it’s important to keep your skin cool by spritzing yourself with cool water and to avoid strenuous exercise. When indoors make sure to block out windows when the sun is strongest and to let air circulate inside the room if there’s no A.C.
Keep an eye out for heat stroke
Heat stroke involves a variety of symptoms that can be easy to confuse with being normally hot. Keep an eye out for your body temperature, which shouldn’t be over 103°F, and for hot and damp skin. When feeling dizzy or wrong, be sure to find some shade and to lower your body temperature with cool cloths or a cool bath.
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Rather than keeping track of how many glasses of water you drink a day, you could try carrying around a water bottle. This will serve as a reminder to hydrate and will provide you with a source of water while you’re on the go. Drink every time you remember to do so, since extreme temperatures make us sweat electrolytes that should be replenished.
When it comes to foods, make sure to have stuff that is hydrating and refreshing, like fruits and veggies. If you’re eating salty meals, balance that out with water.